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Socio Economic Profile of Negros Occidental

1. Population.

Based on the 1990 census, Negros Occidental has a population of 2,25 million (see Table 1 for population distribution). The annual population growth rate based on the last two census years 1.58%. Except for Bacolod City, the capital city, which is totally classified as urban area, more that two-thirds of the population are in the rural areas. Bacolod City ranks fourth among the twenty most densely populated cities in the Philippines. The concentration of population appears to be in four contiguous areas, namely: Bago City to Silay City in the northwest, Victorias City to the north, Cadiz City to San Carlos City at the tip to the northeast of province and the towns of Himamaylan-Cauyan-Kabankalan City in the southwest of Negros island.

2. Labor and Employment.

Household population 15 years old and over is 1.34 million accounting for 59.5% of the total. Of this sum, 705,248 or 52.7% are gainfully employed. The distribution of gainful worker by industry is as follows:

Table 1: Population distribution by sector
 
Industry Group
% Distribution
Agriculture, fishery and forestry 47.30
Community, social and personal services 16.00
Wholesale and retail trade 11.00
Manufacturing 6.50
Transportation and communication 4.50
Construction 3.00
Financing, insurance, real estate and business services  1.50
Mining and quarrying 0.60
Others  9.60
   
Total 100.00
About 688,500 or 51.4% of the household population 15 years old and over are in the labor force (Table 2). More than half of those in the labor force are in the rural areas. Of the 351,843 persons in the labor force in the rural areas, 86.4% are employed. However, with the drought brought about by El Nino and the Asian liquidity crisis, these figures cannot hold true. Unemployment in the rural areas could run as high 50%. There is disguised unemployment that has to be considered. Rural agrarian work cannot count on fixed hours and productivity, as farmers cannot work without water. In the manufacturing sector, sugar mill workers are working only half of the year during harvest. Handicrafts labor, which is one of the employers of Negros Occidental workers, are now shaven-off by cheaper cost competition from neighboring developing nations in the Southeast Asian region. 

Table 2. Household Population 15 Yrs Old & Over by Employment Status and by Sector 

Negros Occidental 1990
  
Sector/City 

Municipality

Household Population
15 Yrs & Older
Employed
In the Labor 
Force 
Unemployed
Total
Not in the 
Labor Force
Northeastern Sector 325,098 144,607 17,769 162,376 162,522
Northwestern Sector 435,769 214,089 24,328 238,417 197,352
Central Sector          
4th District 175308 83,482 13,926 97,408 77,801
Bago City  72,615 34,539 6,676 41,215 31,400
Pulupandan 14,185  7,541 1,796 9,337 4,848
Valladolid 17,903 9,346 604 9,950 7,863
San Enrique 11,901 6,515 1,230 7,745 4,156
La Carlota  34,918 14,530 2,146 16,676 18,242
Pontevedra 23,786 11,011 1,474 12,485 11,301
5th District  193,341 76850 14,510 91,360  101,981
Central Sector 4th 5th 368,649 160,332 28,436 188,768 179,791
Southern Sector 209,381 82,734 16,197 98,931 110,450
           
Total 1,338,897 601,762 86,730 688,492 650,115
 
 

Table 3. Land Area and Population, by Sector, by District, and by City/Municipality 

Negros Occidental, 1990
  
City/Municipality
Land Area
 
Population
 
 
(Hectares)
Rural
Urban
Total
Northeastern Sector 216,197 378,054 180,883 558,937
Northwestern Sector 107,555 180,262 515,809 696,071
Central Sector        
4th District 74,393 158,396 111,173 290,969
Bago City  40,214 87,432 35,285 122,717
Pulupandan 2,301 8,678 14,299 22,977
Valladolid 4,803 23,700 6,012 29,712
San Enrique 2,096 10,091 9,146 19,237
La Carlota  13,729 26,817 16,958 43,775
Pontevedra 11,250 23,078 29,473 52,551
5th District  126,793 260,373 94,811 333,584
Central Sector 4th 5th 201,186 418,769 205,984 624,553
         
Southern Sector 257,667 247,982 125,630 373,612
         
Total 782,606  1,224,867 1,028,306 2,253,173
Table 4. Land Area by Slope Category and By Classification 
Negros Occidental
  
Item
Area
Percent
Slope in degrees    
0 - 3 191,000 24.1
3 - 6  171,600 21.6
6 - 18 200,400 25.3
18 - 30 102,100 12.9
30 & Over 127,410 16.1
Total 792,510 100.0
     
Land Classification    
Alienable and Disposable 533,343 67.3
Cropland 517,417  
Fishpond  15,926  
Classified Forest Land 259,264 32.7
Established Forest Land 129,604  
Forest Reserve 55,283  
National Park 24,557  
Fishpond Development 8,481  
Watershed Reservation  35,498  
Communal Forest 3,521  
Civil Reservation 2,320 _._
Total 792,510 100.0
 
Source: Provincial Planning and Development Office, Negros Occidental