Hints on Running a High-Performance Web Server
Running Apache on a heavily loaded web server, one often encounters
problems related to the machine and OS configuration. "Heavy" is
relative, of course - but if you are seeing more than a couple hits
per second on a sustained basis you should consult the pointers on
this page. In general the suggestions involve how to tune your kernel
for the heavier TCP load, hardware/software conflicts that arise, etc.
If you are running Apache on A/UX, a page that gives some helpful
performance hints (concerning the listen() queue and using
can be found here
performance tuning hints for BSD-derived systems.
The most common problem on Linux shows up on heavily-loaded systems
where the whole server will appear to freeze for a couple of minutes
at a time, and then come back to life. This has been traced to a
listen() queue overload - certain Linux implementations have a low
value set for the incoming connection queue which can cause problems.
Please see our Using Apache on
Linux page for more info on how to fix this.
The Solaris 2.4 TCP implementation has a few inherent limitations that
only became apparent under heavy loads. This has been fixed to some
extent in 2.5 (and completely revamped in 2.6), but for now consult
the following URL for tips on how to expand the capabilities if you
are finding slowdowns and lags are hurting performance.
More information on tuning SOMAXCONN on SunOS can be found at
If you have tips to contribute, send mail to [email protected]